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                名人演讲:A Lasting Peace Is in Sight 持久的和平指日可待[艾森豪威尔]

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                2018年04月28日

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                A Lasting Peace Is in Sight 持久的和平指日可待
                —— Dwight David Eisenhower 德怀特·艾森豪威尔

                A Lasting Peace Is in Sight 持久的和平指日可待 Dwight David Eisenhower 德怀特·艾森豪威尔

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                [00:02.67]Good evening

                [00:03.32]my fellow Americans.

                [00:05.63]First, I should like to

                [00:06.54]express my gratitude to the radio

                [00:08.37]and television networks

                [00:11.15]for the opportunities

                [00:12.08]they have given me

                [00:13.11]over the years

                [00:14.01]to bring reports and messages

                [00:15.96]to our nation.

                [00:17.88]My special thanks go to them

                [00:19.37]for the opportunity

                [00:20.75]of addressing you this evening.

                [00:23.58]Three days from now

                [00:25.20]after half century

                [00:27.09]in the service of our country,

                [00:29.06]I shall lay down the responsibilities

                [00:31.11]of office as,

                [00:32.98]in traditional and solemn ceremony

                [00:35.78]the authority of the Presidency

                [00:38.33]is vested in my successor.

                [00:41.31]This evening, I come to you

                [00:42.78]with a message

                [00:43.54]of leave taking and farewell

                [00:45.97]and to share

                [00:47.24]a few final thoughts with you,

                [00:49.36]my countrymen.

                [00:53.43]Like every other

                [00:55.40]Like every other citizen,

                [00:56.72]I wish the new President

                [00:58.01]and all who will labor with him

                [00:59.74]Godspeed.

                [01:01.10]I pray that the coming years

                [01:02.64]will be blessed with peace and prosperity

                [01:05.17]for all.

                [01:07.40]Our people expect their President

                [01:09.49]and the Congress

                [01:10.51]to find essential agreement

                [01:12.30]on issues of great moment

                [01:14.49]the wise resolution of which

                [01:16.02]will better shape the future

                [01:18.50]of the nation.

                [01:20.55]My own relations with the Congress,

                [01:22.60]which began on a remote

                [01:24.51]and tenuous basis

                [01:26.16]when long ago,

                [01:27.92]a member of the Senate

                [01:29.36]appointed me to West Point,

                [01:30.92]have since ranged

                [01:32.82]to the intimate during the war

                [01:34.71]and immediate postwar period

                [01:37.24]and finally to the mutually interdependent

                [01:41.19]during these past eight years.

                [01:43.97]In this final relationship,

                [01:45.80]the Congress and the Administration have,

                [01:48.47]on most vital issues

                [01:50.17]cooperated well,

                [01:52.45]to serve the nation good

                [01:54.58]rather than mere partisanship,

                [01:56.77]and so have assured

                [01:58.35]that the business of the nation

                [01:59.85]should go forward.

                [02:03.10]So, my official relationship

                [02:04.52]with the Congress ends in a feeling

                [02:06.58]on my part of gratitude

                [02:09.32]that we have been able

                [02:10.47]to do so much together.

                [02:11.79]We now stand ten years

                [02:16.46]past the midpoint of a century

                [02:18.48]that has witnessed four major wars

                [02:20.25]among great nations.

                [02:22.68]Three of these involved our own country.

                [02:25.77]Despite these holocausts,

                [02:27.68]America is today the strongest

                [02:30.67]the most influential

                [02:32.56]and most productive nation

                [02:34.06]in the world.

                [02:36.02]Understandably proud of this preeminence

                [02:39.17]we yet realize

                [02:40.79]that America's leadership and prestige depend

                [02:42.98]not merely upon

                [02:45.16]our unmatched material progress

                [02:47.31]riches, and military strength

                [02:49.84]but on how we use our power

                [02:52.49]in the interests

                [02:53.75]of world peace and human betterment.

                [02:57.69]Throughout America's adventure

                [02:59.84]in free government

                [03:01.47]our basic purposes

                [03:02.93]have been to keep the peace

                [03:04.56]to foster progress in human achievement

                [03:07.05]and to enhance liberty

                [03:08.92]dignity, and integrity

                [03:10.89]among peoples and among nations.

                [03:13.22]To strive for less would be unworthy

                [03:15.31]of a free and religious people.

                [03:18.04]Any failure traceable to arrogance

                [03:20.98]or our lack of comprehension

                [03:23.61]or readiness to saCRIfice

                [03:26.50]would inflict upon us grievous hurt

                [03:29.34]both at home and abroad.

                [03:32.08]Progress toward these noble goals

                [03:35.21]is persistently threatened

                [03:36.67]by the conflict now engulfing the world.

                [03:40.37]It commands our whole attention

                [03:42.30]absorbs our very beings.

                [03:44.72]We face a hostile ideology

                [03:47.61]global in scope,

                [03:49.10]atheistic in character

                [03:50.77]ruthless in purpose

                [03:52.68]and insidious in method.

                [03:55.82]Unhappily, the danger it poses

                [03:58.76]promises to be of indefinite duration.

                [04:02.32]To meet it successfully

                [04:04.50]there is called for

                [04:06.12]not so much the emotional

                [04:07.84]and transitory saCRIfices of CRIsis

                [04:11.13]but rather those which enable us

                [04:13.32]to carry forward steadily, surely

                [04:15.65]and without complaint

                [04:17.58]the burdens of a prolonged

                [04:19.11]and complex struggle

                [04:20.57]with liberty the stake.

                [04:23.85]Only thus shall we remain,

                [04:25.48]despite every provocation

                [04:27.09]on our charted course

                [04:29.17]toward permanent peace

                [04:30.63]and human betterment.

                [04:34.47]Crises there will continue to be.

                [04:37.16]In meeting them,

                [04:38.79]whether foreign or domestic,

                [04:40.51]great or small,

                [04:41.98]there is a recurring temptation

                [04:44.20]to feel that some spectacular

                [04:46.30]and costly action

                [04:47.77]could become the miraculous solution

                [04:49.75]to all current difficulties.

                [04:51.77]A huge increase

                [04:54.25]in newer elements of our defenses?

                [04:56.59]development of unrealistic programs

                [04:59.31]to cure every ill in agriculture?

                [05:01.71]a dramatic expansion in basic

                [05:04.65]and applied research

                [05:06.22]these and many other possibilities,

                [05:08.78]each possibly promising in itself,

                [05:11.66]may be suggested as the only way

                [05:14.09]to the road we wish to travel.

                [05:17.17]But each proposal must be weighed

                [05:19.24]in the light of a broader consideration:

                [05:21.94]the need to maintain balance

                [05:24.74]in and among national programs,

                [05:28.30]balance between the private

                [05:30.44]and the public economy,

                [05:32.55]balance between the cost

                [05:33.78]and hoped for advantages,

                [05:36.69]balance between the clearly necessary

                [05:39.02]and the comfortably desirable,

                [05:41.60]balance between our essential requirements

                [05:44.75]as a nation

                [05:45.96]and the duties imposed

                [05:47.44]by the nation upon the individual,

                [05:49.76]balance between actions of the moment

                [05:52.14]and the national welfare of the future.

                [05:55.59]Good judgment seeks balance and progress.

                [05:59.39]Lack of it eventually finds

                [06:02.07]imbalance and frustration.

                [06:05.43]The record of many decades stands

                [06:07.15]as proof that our people

                [06:08.87]and their Government have,

                [06:09.79]in the main,

                [06:10.93]understood these truths

                [06:12.81]and have responded to them well,

                [06:14.73]in the face of threat and stress.

                [06:20.48]But threats,

                [06:21.96]new in kind or degree,

                [06:23.56]constantly arise.

                [06:25.54]Of these, I mention two only.

                [06:29.03]A vital element in keeping the peace

                [06:31.62]is our military establishment.

                [06:33.90]Our arms must be mighty,

                [06:35.70]ready for instant action,

                [06:37.79]so that no potential aggressor

                [06:39.89]may be tempted to risk his own destruction.

                [06:43.12]Our military organization today

                [06:45.81]bears little relation to that known

                [06:48.52]of any of my predecessors in peacetime,

                [06:51.60]or, indeed, by the fighting men

                [06:53.17]of World War II or Korea.

                [06:56.15]Until the latest of our world conflicts,

                [06:59.55]the United States

                [07:00.87]had no armaments industry.

                [07:03.90]American makers of plowshares could,

                [07:06.98]with time and as required,

                [07:09.06]make swords as well.

                [07:12.01]But we can no longer

                [07:13.02]risk emergency improvisation

                [07:15.01]of national defense.

                [07:17.39]We have been compelled

                [07:18.68]to create a permanent armaments industry

                [07:21.01]of vast proportions.

                [07:23.49]Added to this, three and a half million

                [07:25.82]men and women

                [07:27.64]are directly engaged

                [07:28.87]in the defense establishment.

                [07:31.40]We annually spend on military security alone

                [07:35.27]more than the net income

                [07:37.14]of all United States corporations.

                [07:41.28]Now this conjunction

                [07:42.80]of an immense military establishment

                [07:44.70]and a large arms industry

                [07:47.10]is new in the American experience.

                [07:49.83]The total influence

                [07:51.77]economic, political, even spiritual

                [07:55.53]is felt in every city,

                [07:57.26]every Statehouse,

                [07:58.73]every office of the Federal government.

                [08:01.33]We recognize the imperative need

                [08:03.77]for this development.

                [08:05.31]Yet, we must not fail to comprehend

                [08:07.34]its grave implications.

                [08:10.52]Our toil, resources, and livelihood

                [08:13.28]are all involved.

                [08:15.00]So is the very structure of our society.

                [08:17.70]In the councils of government,

                [08:20.44]we must guard against

                [08:22.66]the acquisition of unwarranted influence,

                [08:25.10]whether sought or unsought,

                [08:26.77]by the military industrial complex.

                [08:30.46]The potential for the disastrous rise

                [08:32.84]of misplaced power exists

                [08:34.20]and will persist.

                [08:36.91]We must never let the weight

                [08:38.98]of this combination endanger

                [08:40.39]our liberties or democratic processes.

                [08:43.38]We should take nothing for granted.

                [08:45.85]Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry

                [08:48.94]can compel the proper meshing

                [08:51.63]of the huge industrial

                [08:53.26]and military machinery of defense

                [08:55.90]with our peaceful methods and goals,

                [08:58.59]so that security and liberty

                [09:00.53]may prosper together.

                [09:03.72]Akin to, and largely responsible

                [09:06.21]for the sweeping changes

                [09:07.70]in our industrial military posture,

                [09:10.27]has been the technological revolution

                [09:12.25]during recent decades.

                [09:14.34]In this revolution, research has become central

                [09:18.64]it also

                [09:20.01]becomes more formalized, complex, and costly.

                [09:24.21]A steadily increasing share

                [09:25.79]is conducted for, by, or at the direction of,

                [09:29.42]the Federal government.

                [09:31.40]Today, the solitary inventor,

                [09:33.83]tinkering in his shop,

                [09:36.03]has been overshadowed

                [09:37.34]by task forces of scientists

                [09:40.04]in laboratories and testing fields.

                [09:43.37]In the same fashion,

                [09:45.37]the free university,

                [09:48.89]historically the fountainhead

                [09:51.02]of free ideas and scientific discovery,

                [09:54.58]has experienced a revolution

                [09:56.80]in the conduct of research.

                [09:59.28]Partly because of the huge costs involved,

                [10:02.33]a government contract

                [10:03.74]becomes virtually

                [10:05.22]a substitute for intellectual curiosity.

                [10:09.99]For every old blackboard

                [10:11.97]there are now hundreds of new

                [10:13.95]electronic computers.

                [10:16.66]The prospect of domination

                [10:18.53]of the nation's scholars

                [10:20.16]by Federal employment,

                [10:21.58]project allocations,

                [10:23.47]and the power of money is ever present

                [10:25.99]and is gravely to be regarded.

                [10:29.25]Yet, in holding scientific research

                [10:31.95]and discovery in respect,

                [10:33.76]as we should,

                [10:35.35]we must also be alert

                [10:37.08]to the equal and opposite danger

                [10:39.19]that public policy could itself

                [10:41.79]become the captive

                [10:43.70]of a scientific technological elite.

                [10:47.96]It is the task of statesmanship

                [10:50.18]to mold, to balance, and to integrate

                [10:52.71]these and other forces,

                [10:54.27]new and old,

                [10:55.36]within the principles of our democratic system

                [10:58.34]ever aiming toward the supreme goals

                [11:01.13]of our free society.

                [11:05.10]Another factor in maintaining balance

                [11:07.93]involves the element of time.

                [11:10.51]As we peer into society's future,

                [11:13.38]we you and I,

                [11:16.42]and our government

                [11:17.95]must avoid the impulse

                [11:19.49]to live only for today,

                [11:21.79]plundering for our own ease and convenience

                [11:24.62]the precious resources of tomorrow.

                [11:27.61]We cannot mortgage

                [11:29.68]the material assets of our grandchildren

                [11:32.22]without risking the loss also

                [11:34.24]of their political and spiritual heritage.

                [11:36.94]We want democracy to survive

                [11:39.87]for all generations to come

                [11:42.04]not to become the insolvent phantom of tomorrow.

                [11:45.98]During the long lane

                [11:48.57]of the history yet to be written,

                [11:51.74]America knows that this world of ours,

                [11:53.77]ever growing smaller

                [11:55.39]must avoid becoming a community

                [11:57.97]of dreadful fear and hate,

                [11:59.69]and be, instead

                [12:01.05]a proud confederation

                [12:02.83]of mutual trust and respect.

                [12:05.86]Such a confederation must be one of equals.

                [12:08.49]The weakest

                [12:09.65]must come to the conference table

                [12:11.62]with the same confidence as do we,

                [12:15.06]protected as we are

                [12:16.47]by our moral, economic

                [12:18.40]and military strength.

                [12:20.38]That table

                [12:21.94]though scarred by many past frustrations,

                [12:25.58]cannot be abandoned for the certainty agony

                [12:28.66]of disarmament of the battlefield.

                [12:31.49]Disarmament

                [12:32.71]with mutual honor and confidence,

                [12:34.44]is a continuing imperative.

                [12:36.77]Together we must learn

                [12:38.55]how to compose differences

                [12:40.26]not with arms

                [12:41.43]but with intellect and decent purpose.

                [12:45.58]Because this need is so sharp and apparent

                [12:49.33]I confess that I lay down

                [12:51.10]my official responsibilities in this field

                [12:53.78]with a definite sense of disappointment.

                [12:57.62]As one who has witnessed the horror

                [12:59.64]and the lingering sadness of war

                [13:02.33]as one who knows

                [13:03.33]that another war could

                [13:04.81]utterly destroy this civilization

                [13:06.67]which has been so slowly

                [13:08.54]and painfully built over thousands of years

                [13:11.57]I wish I could say tonight

                [13:13.34]that a lasting peace is in sight.

                [13:17.08]Happily, I can say

                [13:19.76]that war has been avoided.

                [13:22.08]Steady progress toward our ultimate goal

                [13:24.21]has been made.

                [13:25.73]But so much remains to be done.

                [13:29.12]As a private citizen,

                [13:31.40]I shall never cease to do

                [13:32.62]what little I can

                [13:33.78]to help the world advance

                [13:35.75]along that road.

                [13:37.62]So, in this

                [13:39.23]my last good night to you

                [13:40.55]as your President,

                [13:41.97]I thank you for the many opportunities

                [13:44.19]you have given me

                [13:45.36]for public service in war and in peace.

                [13:49.09]I trust in that service

                [13:52.23]you find some things worthy.

                [13:54.41]As for the rest of it

                [13:55.98] I know you will find ways

                [13:57.45]to improve performance

                [13:59.12]in the future.

                [14:00.95]You and I

                [14:02.06]my fellow citizens,

                [14:04.18]need to be strong in our faith

                [14:05.69]that all nations, under God

                [14:07.47]will reach the goal of peace with justice.

                [14:11.22]May we be ever unswerving

                [14:13.28]in devotion to principle

                [14:15.21]confident but humble with power,

                [14:18.45]diligent in pursuit of the Nations'great goals.

                [14:21.83]To all the peoples of the world,

                [14:24.56]I once more give expression

                [14:26.33]to America's prayerful

                [14:28.31]and continuing aspiration:

                [14:31.04]We pray that peoples of all faiths,

                [14:34.68]all races, all nations,

                [14:36.51]may have their great human needs satisfied

                [14:40.24]that those now denied opportunity

                [14:42.42]shall come to enjoy it to the full

                [14:45.60]that all who yearn for freedom

                [14:47.46]may experience its few spiritual blessings.

                [14:51.31]Those who have freedom

                [14:53.90]will understand, also,

                [14:55.26]its heavy responsibility

                [14:57.48]that all who are insensitive

                [14:59.30]to the needs of others

                [15:00.82]will learn charity

                [15:02.89]and that the sources scourges

                [15:05.17]of poverty, disease, and ignorance

                [15:07.99]will be made disappear from the earth

                [15:11.23]and that in the goodness of time

                [15:13.30]all peoples will come to live together

                [15:15.53]in a peace guaranteed

                [15:17.90]by the binding force

                [15:19.92]of mutual respect and love.

                [15:23.01]Now, on Friday noon

                [15:25.38]I am to become a private citizen.

                [15:29.63]I am proud to do so.

                [15:31.77]I look forward to it.

                [15:34.45]Thank you, and good night.

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